In this article, we will learn about six types of Adjectives along with examples.
What is adjective? Adjective is a word that describes Noun or Pronoun.
Types of Adjectives
Adjectives are divided into various types. We will look into the main six types of Adjectives and they are as follows:
- Adjective of Quality
- Adjective of Quantity
- Adjective of Number
- Demonstrative Adjective
- Interrogative Adjective
- Possessive Adjectives
Now let’s look into them one by one
- Adjective of Quality.
These are the words that describe the quality of a noun or pronoun. Note the word quality.
Let me give you an example: I have a nice teddy. Here, what is the quality of the teddy? It is nice. They generally answer the question: of what kind? in any sentence. Now, can you think of more such qualities of teddy? Someone may say this Teddy is brown. or Someone may say, it is awesome or it is very cute. So, brown, awesome, and cute are qualities of a teddy. It is also referred to as Descriptive Adjective
- Adjective of Quantity
They are words that describe the number of nouns or pronouns. Please note the word quantity.
For example- I have enough money. Here, enough describes the quantity.
Questions they generally answer are: How much? Some more examples of them are.
I have some money.
I have very little amount of money.
I have more money.
So, remember, they define the number of nouns, not the exact amount.
- Adjective of Numbers
They are Words that describe the exact number of nouns. Note the word exact number.
For example. Shivani has four apples. Here, four is the exact number of apples Shivani has.
They generally answer the question. How many.
If there is only one apple then, we can say,
Shivani has an apple. Eight, ten, or any such exact number describes these adjectives.
So, remember this, whenever you have an exact number that is describing a noun or pronoun. It is an Adjective of Number.
- Demonstrative Adjective.
Words that point out a person, thing, or animal.
Note the word point.
For example- This book is mine. Here, I am pointing out the book.
Some more examples of them are. That, these and those.
Now if you remember, In pronouns, we discussed Demonstrative Pronouns. And they also had the same words: this, that, these, and those.
But there is a difference. Let me give an example of a demonstrative pronoun now.
This is my book. Here, this is the pronoun.
Can you see the difference between the two sentences? In the first one, this comes before a book which is a noun and as it is describing a noun it is an adjective. And in the second one, it comes before is which is a verb and it is a pronoun.
- Interrogative adjectives
These are Wh words that are used with nouns to ask questions.
Now what are wh-words: Who, whom, whose, which, and what are wh-words
Always remember, Interrogative adjectives will be used before a noun.
Which book is yours?
Here, which is used before the book. And is asking questions. So, it is interrogative adj
Now, we discussed Interrogative Pronouns. And they sound similar to these adjectives.
But there is a difference.
Let me give you an example of interrogative pronouns.
Which is your book?
Here, the verb ‘is’ is used before which so, it is a pronoun
And in the above example noun, ‘book’ is used, So, it is an adjective
- Possessive Adjective
These are the words that are used to show ownership. Note the word ownership
Let’s look into the Example :
Joe left his bat at home. Here, ‘his word is used to show us that it is his bat. So, it is a Possessive adjective.
Some, more examples of it are my, our, her, and their.
Now, again, we talked about Possessive Pronouns and they sound similar to Possessive Adjective.
But they both are used in a different context.
Let me give you the example of the Possessive pronoun
The bat next to the window is his.
Here, his ‘is’ not describing a noun. It is used instead of a noun. So, it is a pronoun.
Always remember whenever you are in confusion, whether the word is adjective or pronoun
If the word is used instead of a noun then it is a pronoun and if it is used for describing a noun then it is adjective
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